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應作慈愛經  Karaõãyamettasuttaü

本經收錄於《小部》的《小誦9》和《經集1.8》。
 
本經共由十首偈頌組成。開頭兩首半偈頌教導一位禪修者通過聽聞等而以世間智領悟到涅槃境界的寂靜之後,為了謀求自己的利益,應當修行戒定慧三學,應當具足有能力、正直、誠實、順從、柔和、不傲慢等十五種素質。接著的三首半偈頌把一切眾生分為七種不同的組合來散播慈愛。不但通過祝願眾生快樂安穩來散播慈愛,而且還通過不欺騙、不輕視,不互相以忿怒、瞋恚想而希望對方受苦來修習。就好像母親會用生命來保護自己的獨生子一般,把慈心無限量地散播到一切世界,並且在行立坐臥等姿勢中安住於慈愛。最後一首偈頌教導以慈心禪那為基礎,修觀斷除邪見,具足出世間戒和正見,再繼續修行至斷除欲貪,最後證悟阿拉漢,不會再投胎輪迴。
 
如同《大吉祥經》一樣,本經作為上座部佛教家喻戶曉的一篇經文,也被編為《護衛經》之一。在許多場合,比庫們喜歡通過唸誦本經來作為祝福之用。本經之所以備受重視,固然與該經優美的內容與實用的教導有關,同時也顯示出散播慈愛在佛教傳統中所占的重要地位。
 
善求義利、領悟寂靜境界後應當作:有能力、正直、誠實,順從、柔和、不驕慢;知足、易扶養,少事務、生活簡樸,諸根寂靜、賢明,不無禮與不貪著居家;只要會遭智者譴責,即使是小事也不做。

願一切有情幸福、安穩!自有其樂!

凡所有的有情生類,動搖的或不動的,毫無遺漏,長的或大的,中的、短的、細的或粗的,凡是見到的或沒見到的,住在遠方或近處的,已生的或尋求出生的,願一切有情自有其樂!

不要有人欺騙他人,不要輕視任何地方的任何人,不要以忿怒、瞋恚想,而彼此希望對方受苦!

正如母親對待自己的兒子,會以生命來保護唯一的兒子;也如此對一切生類培育無量之心!

以慈愛對一切世界培育無量之心,上方、下方及四方,無障礙、無怨恨、無敵對!

站立、行走、坐著或躺臥,只要他離開睡眠,皆應確立如此之念,這是他們於此所說的梵住。

不接受邪見,持戒,具足徹見,調伏對諸欲的貪求,確定不會再投胎!
 
 
十偈誦:
 

1. 如是修習之賢善  Karanīyam atthakusalena

   以此親證寂清涼  yan taṃ santaṃ padaṃ abhisamecca:

   常養勤快與真誠  Sakko ujū ca sūjū ca

   正直言語意和婉  suvaco c'assa mudu anatimānī,

 

2. 待人和藹不驕慢  Santussako ca subharo ca

   知足易養俗物少  appakicco ca sallahukavutti

   儉樸六根悉平靜  Santindriyo ca nipako ca

   謹慎謙虛不俗攀  appagabbho kulesu ananugiddho,

 

3. 慎勿違反纖細罪  Na ca khuddaṃ samācare kiñci

   以免將來智者訶  yena viññū pare upavadeyyuṃ

   應常散發慈愛心  Sukhino vā khemino hontu

   唯願眾生得福安  sabbe sattā bhavantu sukhitattā:

 

4. 普願一切諸眾生  Ye keci pāṇabhūt' atthi

   心常喜悅住安樂  tasā vā thāvarā vā anavasesā

   凡有生命強或弱  Dīgha vā ye mahantā vā

   高壯中等矮粗細  majjhimā rassakā aṇukathūlā

 

5. 可見或是不可見  Diṭṭhā vā ye vā addiṭṭhā

   居於鄰近或遠方  ye ca dūre vasanti avidūre

   已生或是將生者  Bhūtā vā sambhavesī vā

   一切眾生常安樂  sabbe sattā bhavantu sukhitattā

 

6. 願彼恆於一切處  Na paro paraṃ nikubbetha

   不鄙視亦不欺瞞  nâtimaññetha katthacinaṃ kañci

   假使憤怒怨恨時  Vyārosanā paṭighasaññā

   心亦不念彼得苦  nāññamaññassa dukkham iccheyya

 

7. 尤如母親以生命  Mātā yathā niyaṃ puttaṃ

   護衛自己獨生子  āyusā ekaputtam anurakkhe

   願能如此於眾生  Evam pi sabbabhūtesu

   施放無限慈愛心  mānasam bhāvaye aparimāṇaṃ

 

8. 慈愛遍及全世界  Mettañ ca sabbalokasmiṃ

   上下地平四維處  mānasam bhāvaye aparimāṇaṃ

   遍滿十方無障礙  Uddhaṃ adho ca tiriyañ ca

   無有敵意或仇恨  asambādhaṃ averaṃ asapattaṃ

 

9. 無論行住或坐臥  Tiṭṭhaṃ caraṃ nisinno vā

   若是心中覺醒時  sayāno vā yāvat' assa vigatamiddho

   應常培育此正念  Etaṃ satiṃ adhiṭṭheyya

   此乃最高之德行  brahmam etaṃ vihāraṃ idha-m-ahu

 

 

10.心中不落於邪見  Diṭṭiñ ca anupagamma

   具足戒德與慧觀  sīlavā dassanena sampanno

   去除欲樂及貪念  Kāmesu vineyya gedhaṃ

   必定不再生於胎  na hi jātu gabbhaseyyaṃ punar etī ti

 

  

 

This is what should be done

By one who is skilled in goodness,

And who knows the path of peace:

Let them be able and upright,

Straightforward and gentle in speech.

Humble and not conceited,

Contented and easily satisfied.

Unburdened with duties and frugal in their ways.

Peaceful and calm, and wise and skilful,

Not proud and demanding in nature.

Let them not do the slightest thing

That the wise would later reprove.

Wishing: In gladness and in safety,

May all beings be at ease.

 

Whatever living beings there may be;

Whether they are weak or strong, omitting none,

The great or the mighty, medium, short or small,

The seen and the unseen,

Those living near and far away,

Those born and to-be-born

May all beings be at ease.

 

Let none deceive another,

Or despise any being in any state.

Let none through anger or ill-will

Wish harm upon another.

Even as a mother protects with her life

Her child, her only child,

So with a boundless heart

Should one cherish all living beings;

Radiating kindness over the entire world:

Spreading upwards to the skies,

And downwards to the depths;

Outwards and unbounded,

Freed from hatred and ill-will.

Whether standing or walking,

seated or lying down

Free from drowsiness,

One should sustain this recollection.

This is said to be the sublime abiding.

By not holding to fixed views,

The pure-hearted one, having clarity of vision,

Being freed from all sense desires,

Is not born again into this world.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
      Sàdhu! Sàdhu! Sàdhu!
       薩度!薩度!薩度!
 
 
 
 
 
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